Medical malpractice cases come from situations where you are harmed by the doctor you relied on and trusted to help you. Merely suffering a known risk of a procedure is not enough to mount a malpractice case. Situations that might arise to medical malpractice include but are not limited to not using a safer procedure when available and failing to diagnose a condition when all of the signs were present.
In order to bring a malpractice case, you need to be able to show that the care you received fell below the professional standard of care. You also need to be able to show that due to that standard of care being breached you suffered damages. Damages include future medical care, corrective procedures, lost wages, and pain and suffering.
Bringing a medical malpractice case is not a light decision. You have a limited time to bring such an action, after which the bringing a case is forever barred. You may still have unpaid medical bills and your health insurance provider will most likely have a claim on settlement proceeds. Don't wait too long to get the help you need.
In order to bring a medical malpractice case, you will need to have another doctor review your entire medical file. That doctor will most likely have to submit a sworn affidavit that malpractice occurred before you are even allowed to file.